The Symposium offers an invaluable chance to take part in an extraordinary gathering of minds, with presentations from local and international specialists, whose work is at the forefront of open ocean aquaculture.


Chief Executive, Cawthron Institute, New Zealand

Opening remarks: Unlocking the potential of our oceans

PhD (Toxicology), University of Surrey, United Kingdom, 1981, M.I. Biol. (Pharmacology and Applied Biology). NESCOT, United Kingdom 1977.
Charles joined Cawthron in June 2012, providing strong science-based leadership. His experience in progressing core research through to practical industry solutions is well-suited to Cawthron’s philosophy. Charles’ science background includes senior research and management positions overseas in multinational pharmaceutical companies, and experience in New Zealand with a Crown research institute, a university and a manufacturing business.
He has led a range of research groups in drug design, catchment management, conservation and product development and has also played a major role overseas developing drugs for cardiovascular disease.


Group Manager – Aquaculture, Cawthron Institute, New Zealand

Opening remarks: Unlocking the potential of our oceans

PhD, University of Otago (2003).
Dr Serean Adams is the Aquaculture Group Manager at Cawthron and is passionate about New Zealand’s Aquaculture industry and its future. Serean has led a number of scientific programmes at Cawthron and currently leads Cawthron’s Shellfish Aquaculture Programme. Its research spans from improving hatchery reliability and efficiency through seawater manipulation, to increasing post-harvest shelf-life and on-farm biosecurity.
Serean’s primary areas of technical expertise are shellfish developmental biology, cryopreservation and triploidy. She is also interested in shellfish as functional foods and in the development of novel functional food ingredients from marine species including shellfish and algae.


Research Manager, SINTEF Ocean; Director, Centre of Exposed Aquaculture Operations, Norway

An international perspective on open ocean aquaculture

Dr Hans Bjelland is a research manager at SINTEF Ocean who specialises in aquaculture structures. He is director of the research centre Exposed, where fish farmers, technology providers and research organisations collaborate to develop knowledge and technologies for exposed aquaculture operations.
With a PhD and MSc in industrial design, Hans’ work focuses on management of multidisciplinary teams ranging from the development of decision support tools (for disease management, navigation, scheduling and performance of complex maritime operations) and farm systems, to research on health, safety and the work environment in the Norwegian aquaculture industry.


Aquaculture Scientist – Species Development and Enhancement, Cawthron Institute, New Zealand

Lifting the lid on open ocean aquaculture technological advances in New Zealand

MSc (Ichthyology). Rhodes University, 1996, BSc (Fisheries Science, aquaculture) (Hons) Rhodes University, 1992, BSc (Zoology), University of Natal, 1991.
Kevin focuses on understanding the biology of selected marine and freshwater animals and customising systems to culture them for economic, customary and environmental purposes.
Kevin began working at Cawthron in 2000 and is based in the Aquaculture group. Kevin’s main areas of research are related to problem-solving for the aquaculture industry. Kevin is presently involved with the development of offshore shellfish and seaweed farming and the structural design for offshore systems. He is also involved in other programmes such as scampi and eel aquaculture potential research and salmon diet development.


Senior Scientist/Team Leader – Seafood Technologies, Plant & Food Research, New Zealand

Taking a fish-centric approach to designing open ocean aquaculture structures

Dr Suzy Black is a Senior Scientist and Team Leader within Plant & Food Research’s Seafood Technologies portfolio. She has a PhD in Fish Physiology from the University of Canterbury, and more than 20 years’ experience in development and industrial implementation of finfish capture, handling and postharvest storage technologies.
The foundation of this work has been a focus on what the fish needs to perform at its best. Suzy has spent the last 10 years playing a critical role in the development and commercialisation of the patented fish-friendly Modular Harvesting System through MBIE-funded research and the PGP-funded Precision Seafood Harvesting programme.


Professor and researcher, i-mar Research Center, Universidad de Los Lagos, Chile

Development of commercial kelp farming and biomass processing

Dr Alejandro Buschmann is a full Professor and researcher at the i-mar Research Center (www.i-mar.cl), Universidad de Los Lagos.
He obtained his PhD at the Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile. Alejandro has more than120 peer-reviewed papers and book chapters on aspects of coastal ecology and seaweed aquaculture, focusing on the role of integrated multi-trophic aquaculture (IMTA) in sustainable aquaculture development.
Due to his scientific achievements, he was made a member of the Chilean Academy of Science and President of the International Seaweed Association (ISAC). As a scientific consultant, he has been able to support seaweed culture developments with the industry and the promotion of the use of sustainable environmental technologies for global aquaculture.


Group Manager – Coastal and Fresh Water, Cawthron Institute, New Zealand

Essential technologies for enabling open ocean aquaculture

Presented with Paul Barter and Malcolm Smeaton
Post-doctoral Fellow, Otago University, 2003-2005, PhD (Biology) University of South Florida, 2003.
Dr Chris Cornelisen has more than 20 years’ research experience in physical biology, coastal processes and land-sea interactions. Chris currently leads the Precision Farming Technologies for Aquaculture spearhead project for the Science for Technological Innovation Challenge and is a member of the Leadership Team for the Sustainable Seas National Science Challenge.
Chris and the teams he leads have significantly advanced coastal ocean management of marine resources in New Zealand, including development of best practice standards for aquaculture, integrated frameworks for monitoring the environment, remote monitoring technologies, and novel tools and methods for assessing stressors and ecosystem health.


Marine Scientist – Environmental Impact Assessments and Aquatic Technology, Cawthron Institute, New Zealand

Essential technologies for enabling open ocean aquaculture

Presented with Chris Cornelison and Malcolm Smeaton
BA (Marine Biology) University of California, 1988.
Paul is an environmental scientist with 25 years of professional environmental consulting experience in both the United States and New Zealand. A senior marine scientist in Cawthron’s Coastal and Freshwater Group, Paul has extensive experience with a wide variety of oceanographic and water quality instrumentation including the design, deployment and recovery of numerous types of Ocean Data Acquisition System (ODAS) moorings.
Recently, his focus has been on developing small yet robust coastal monitoring buoys for NZ near-shore coastal waters. This work draws on his experience of finding cost-effective solutions using both off-the-shelf instrumentation and original equipment manufacturer (OEM) components.


Oceanographic Modeller, Cawthron Institute, New Zealand

Essential technologies for enabling open ocean aquaculture

Presented with Chris Cornelison and Paul Barter
BAppSc (Hons) University of Otago, 2011.
Malcolm’s background is in physics and mathematics and he joined Cawthron in 2017. Malcolm primarily works with coastal hydrodynamic models, structural engineering models for novel aquaculture structures and environmental impact models for proposed aquaculture developments. His research interests are in ocean technology, environmental physics and renewable energy. He is completing his PhD on the relationship between tidal channel geometry and the power available from tidal streams for electricity generation.


Head of Research Partnerships, MetService, Chief Scientist, MetOcean, New Zealand; Associate Professor, University of New South Wales, Australia

A national ocean modelling system to underpin New Zealand’s blue economy

Professor Moninya Roughan is a physical oceanographer with expertise in the dynamics of coastal ocean circulation. Roughan presently holds joint appointments at the University of New South Wales (Australia) and MetOcean Solutions NZ (NZ MetService Group). She is the inaugural director of the Moana Project, a Ministry of Business, Innovation and Employment funded programme to deliver a national ocean modelling system for New Zealand.
Moninya’s internationally award-winning research focuses on improving understanding of the coastal ocean and the biological response. She uses a combination of modern ocean observations and numerical models to understand the coastal oceans. Recently, she has been researching marine heatwaves, ocean warming, predicted changes to ocean circulation and the impact on the seafood industry.


Professor Coastal Engineering and Maritime Constructions, Institute for Hydraulic Engineering and Water Resources, Technical University of Braunschweig, Germany

Understanding the dynamic open ocean environment through wave basin technology

Presented with Arndt Hildebrand
Professor Nils Goseberg received his PhD at Leibniz University Hannover (LUH), Germany in 2011, and successfully gained his habilitation thesis (venia legendi) in Hydraulic and Coastal Engineering also at LUH Hannover, Germany (2017). From 2014-2017, a Marie Curie International Outgoing Fellowship of the European Union enabled an extended research stay in collaboration with the University of Ottawa (UO), Canada, working as a visiting professor at the Faculty of Engineering, UO.
Nils’ research interests are experimental and numerical modelling of coastal, hydraulic, estuarine, and ocean engineering problems. He specifically addresses near-shore tsunami and (long) wave dynamics, assessment of water-borne flood risks, transient free surface flows, and aquaculture applications in open ocean conditions.


Junior Professor of Maritime Engineering and Construction Logistics, Ludwig-Franzius Institute for Hydraulic, Estuarine and Coastal Engineering, Germany

Understanding the dynamic open ocean environment through wave basin technology

Presented with Nils Goseberg
Arndt Hildebrandt has been working at the Ludwig-Franzius-Institute for Hydraulic, Estuarine- and Coastal Engineering in Hannover since 2007. His research activities address coastal and offshore engineering issues including environmental impact conditions such as wind and wave correlation, scour development, and seasonal load modifications from marine growth. Several of Arndt’s projects and publications deal with wave loads and extreme incidents by means of physical and numerical modelling, which include simulations of fixed and floating structures as well as installation procedures for offshore wind foundations.


Head of Marine Aquaculture Unit (Shelf Sea Systems Ecology), Alfred Wegener-Institute for Polar and Marine Research, Germany

Shellfish/seaweed breakout panel session

Prof. Dr. Bela H. Buck studied neurophysiology and marine biology at the University of Bremen, at the Institute for Marine Research in Kiel and at the Centre for Tropical Marine Ecology (ZMT) in Bremen, Germany. During 1999 and 2000 he was involved in research projects focused on the aquaculture of giant clams at the Great Barrier Reef Marine Park Authority (GBRMPA), James Cook University (JCU) and the Australian Institute for Marine Science (AIMS) in Townsville (all in Australia).
Since 2001 Bela has been working on projects concentrating on offshore aquaculture (especially the multifunctional use of offshore wind farms) at the Alfred Wegener Institute Helmholtz Centre for Polar and Marine Research (AWI), and some of his other research areas are applied marine biology and maritime technologies and shellfish and seaweed cultivation.


Emeritus Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry, University of Alaska, USA

Shellfish/seaweed breakout panel session

PhD (Biochemistry), University of California.Dr Michael Stekoll is currently Emeritus Professor of Chemistry and Biochemistry at the University of Alaska. He received a BSc in chemistry from Stanford University in 1971 and a PhD in biochemistry from the University of California Los Angeles in 1976. Although his PhD dissertation was on plant-fungus interactions, he began serious marine research as a post-doctoral fellow in 1976 at the University of Alaska Fairbanks where he investigated the effects of crude petroleum on intertidal clams.
Michael was appointed to the faculty of the University of Alaska Southeast in 1978 with a joint appointment with the University of Alaska Fairbanks, College of Fisheries and Ocean Sciences. His research interests have focused on the physiology, ecology and culture of seaweeds. Most of this work has focused on the Macrocystis, Saccharina and the red alga Pyropia. He also has some interest in the effects of pollution on marine organisms.


Research Director, Energy and Transport, SINTEF Ocean, Norway

Finfish breakout panel session

Dr Arne Fredheim is Research Director for Energy and Transport at SINTEF Ocean and Adjunct Professor at the Department of Marine Technology, Norwegian University of Science and Technology (NTNU). SINTEF Department of Energy and Transport perform contract research and deliver leading knowledge, methods and technologies to maritime, offshore oil and gas and offshore wind industries.
Arne Fredheim received his master’s degree in marine technology in 1992, and his PhD degree in marine hydrodynamics in 2005 from NTNU’s Department of Marine Technology. He has been employed with SINTEF since 1996, and some of his most recent research has been related to technology for marine and offshore aquaculture.


Aquaculture Specialist, Associate Professor School of Marine Science and Ocean Engineering, New Hampshire Sea Grant and Cooperative Extension, University of New Hampshire, USA

Finfish breakout panel session

Dr Michael Chambers has been advancing open ocean farming technologies for more than 25 years in the US and abroad. In the US, he has managed submerged cage culture projects in the Gulf of Mexico, Hawaii and the North Atlantic. In 2000, he took the role as Project Manager at the University of New Hampshire’s (UNH) Open Ocean Aquaculture Project and the Atlantic Marine Aquaculture Center. This project was in the forefront of developing biological, engineering and environmental technologies for the commercialisation of offshore aquaculture in the US.
In addition, Michael and UNH engineers have developed a floating integrated multi-trophic aquaculture platform to grow steelhead trout, blue mussels and sugar kelp. The nearshore system is used to train and educate people about responsible aquaculture methods. Internationally, Michael has been engaged with many aquaculture projects in Norway, the Mediterranean and Cuba.


Senior Scientist – Policy and Planning, Cawthron Institute, New Zealand

Social perceptions and impact of open ocean aquaculture

MSc (Agriculture and Resource Economics) Cornell University, 1986, Harvard University, 1981.
Jim Sinner is a Senior Scientist in the Coastal and Freshwater Group, and Science Leader for Social Science at Cawthron. Jim’s main areas of work are freshwater and coastal management and marine biosecurity, and he has also worked on climate change, trade policy and fisheries management.
As part of a six year research project on Values, Monitoring and Outcomes, Jim and his co-researchers are exploring how “value” is perceived, constructed and negotiated in freshwater management, including through collaborative processes.


Independent Economist, New Zealand

Economic benefits of social license in open ocean farming

Cameron Bagrie is an independent and insightful expert on financial markets. Cameron is currently managing director of Bagrie Economics, a boutique research consultancy. Cameron is a highly sought after economist frequently quoted and asked for comment by the media because of his credibility to tackle tough economic issues and his direct, straight-talking approach.
Prior to setting up Bagrie Economics, he was Chief Economist at ANZ for 11.5 years. Under Cameron’s leadership the ANZ Economics team was consistently ranked number one for analysis of the New Zealand economy across the business and financial community.


Director Aquaculture and Branch Support at Fisheries NZ, MPI, New Zealand

Government views on open ocean technology, species and environment

MSc (Environmental Science), University of Canterbury.
Mat Bartholomew is the Director of Aquaculture at Fisheries New Zealand where he leads work to support the further development of New Zealand’s sustainable aquaculture sector. That work spans a range of focus areas, including strategic direction setting for the Government, improving the regulatory framework for aquaculture in New Zealand, delivering the Māori commercial aquaculture settlement and encouraging sector innovation and investment. As a member of the leadership team for Fisheries New Zealand, Mat also has responsibilities around business support, planning and direction setting for Fisheries New Zealand.
Mat’s career is focussed on natural resource management. This includes previous roles in seafood, including management of the Ross Sea toothfish fishery, negotiations on fishing subsidies at the World Trade Organisation, and policy development for the Marine Stewardship Council.


Te Mātārae | Chief Executive, Te Ohu Kaimoana, New Zealand

Māori aspirations for open ocean aquaculture developments

Ngāti Mutunga, Ngāti Tama, Taranaki Tuturu.Dion Tuuta is the Chief Executive of Te Ohu Kaimoana. Te Ohu Kaimoana works to advance Māori interests in the marine environment, particularly in relation to customary and commercial fisheries and aquaculture. As the corporate trustee of the Māori Commercial Aquaculture Settlement Trust, Te Ohu Kaimoana has provided iwi organisations with aquaculture settlement assets totalling more than $200 million in value.
Dion has extensive experience in working with Māori businesses and post-Treaty settlement governance entities and holds a Masters Degree in History from Massey University. He has held a number of diverse roles during his career including Iwi manager, communications manager, historian, policy manager, Treaty claim negotiator, writer, and historian. Dion is also a director of Wellington-based lobster export business Port Nicholson Fisheries Limited Partnership and Seafood NZ.